Tapered leader for floating line fishing for summer salmon.
|6 weight, single handed rods:
||0.48mm = 1,5meters
||0.38mm = 1.5meters
|| 0.28mm = 1meters
|7 weight, single handed rods:
||0.53mm = 1.5meters
||0.43mm = 1,5meters
||0.33mm = 1meters
|8 weight, single handed rods:
||0.58mm = 1.5meters
||0.48mm = 1,5meters
||0,33mm-35mm = 1meters
|8-10 weight, double handed rods:
||0.63mm = 2meters
||0.53mm = 2meters
||0.38mm = 1,5meters
|11-12 weight, double handed rods:
||0.68mm = 1,5m
||0.58mm = 1,5m
||0.48mm = 1,5m, 0. 38mm = 1,5m
Floating/sink lines: Today these lines are the most widely used lines by the salmon fisher, from the Guideline range we have: floating/sink 1, floating/sink 3, and floating/sink 5 (Streamdip), with these three lines you will be well prepared for fishing different conditions. The advantage of these lines is that you combine speed and depth, this is very provoking for the salmon, and anything provoking the salmon it will attack.
Floating/sink 1: When it comes to leader lengths for this line, I say that this line has been established as a standard fly line for the salmon fisher. The front part of the line will fish the intermediate water levels. Thus this can be used as an all-round fly line. For this line I use a leader length of 2,5-3,5 meters for most situations, the shortest for swift currents and the longest for slow currents. For extremely low summer river fishing this line can be use as a “summer sinking line”, then used with leaders of 1,5-2 meters. Otherwise this line follows the table above in terms of butt section for certain line weights or thickness. Also use this table for tapering of leaders for floating lines, but now in shorter sections.
Floating/sink 3: ust the name of this line gives me the “salmon trembles”. I use this line when the spring flood has calmed down, and I use it for a variety of water levels/conditions throughout the season. This is the best “summer sinking line” I know of. This is also the line with which I have the highest average weight of salmon caught. One thing: this line must never be compared with a sink 2/sink 3 line. I use leader lengths of between 1,5-2,5 meters for this line, depending on the speed of the current and depth. The shortest one for fast currents and the longest for slow currents, just as with the floating/sink 1 line. This line demands great knowledge of leaders if you are to take advantage of its fantastic fishing abilities. On a low summer river when fishing this line I often need a think tippet (0,20-0,25 mm) as the fly might be a small nymph. With an 8 weight rod and a 0,58 mm butt section it will be a bit tricky to taper it so that it can be fished in a way that gives nice presentations. The secret then is to use Frog Hair fluorocarbon, this material has knot strength strong enough for me to taper it using a concave tip section, where the tip is around 20 cm longer than the other parts. This makes for better presentations. I always use a fluorocarbon butt section for the floating/sink 3 line, this offers maximum balance when casting. .
Examples of "light fishing" leaders for floating/sink 3.
7 weight, single handed rods: 0,53mm = 70cm, 038mm = 70cm, 0.20mm – 0.25mm = 90cm.
8 weight, single handed rods: 0.58mm = 70cm, 0.43mm = 70cm, 0.25mm – 033mm = 90cm.
Examples of "standard" leaders for floating/sink 3 and Streamdip (*).
7 weight, single handed rods: 0.53mm = 80cm, 0.43mm = 80cm, 0.27mm – 033mm = 80cm.
8 weight, single handed rods: 0.58mm = 80cm, 0.48mm = 80cm, 0.33mm – 0.38mm = 80cm. *
8-10 weight, double handed rods: 0.63mm = 80cm, 0.53mm = 80cm, 0.33mm - 0.38mm = 80cm.*
11-12 weight, double handed rods: 0.68mm = 80cm, 0,53mm = 80cm, 0.38mm – 0.43mm = 80cm.*
Examples of "short" leaders for floating/sink 3 and Streamdip (*).
7 weight, single handed rods: 0.53mm = 50cm, 0.43mm = 50cm, 0.27mm – 0.33mm = 50cm.
8 weight, single handed rods: 0.58mm = 50cm, 0.48mm = 50cm, 0.33mm – 0.38mm = 50cm.*
8-10 weight, double handed rods: 0.63mm = 50cm, 0.53mm = 50cm, 0.38mm = 50cm. *
11-12 weight, double handed rods: 0.68mm = 50cm, 0.53mm = 50cm, 0.38mm – 0.43mm = 50cm. *
Streamdip, Floating/sink 5: This line delivered already at its first outing, I wanted this line from Arild Snekkenes, I knew it would make a great fishing fly line so the expectations were high for the first fishing trip of the 2006 season on the River Gaula. Some challenges arose when designing this line, as the weight distribution between a floating, sink 2 and sink 5, which is how this line is constructed, could create an imbalance when casting. But thanks to Guideline’s vast experience with creating specialist lines this line is a dream to cast. As of today the line comes in weights between 8/9-11/12, and only for double handed rods, but it is no problems to adjust the lightest version so that it will suit a single handed rod in classes 8 or 9.
For the 2008 season I hope that this line will come in 7/8 and 8/9 weights for single handed rods. This line fishes deep enough to be used when the river is fairly high, this includes both spring and summer floods. Fishing actively with these lines means that you can fish much deeper in a much easier way than with other lines, and as I have written several times before, fishing the fly deep and fast will mean that you will always have good chances of catching a salmon. The leaders for this line follows the same table as the examples under floating/sink 3 from 8 weight single handed rods and upwards, with the exception of the “light fishing” table.
Sinking lines: are mostly used when the river is high, there are a multitude of different sinking lines that will make our fishing more effective regardless of conditions. Within the Guideline range there are lines ranging from hover/intermediate to S1/S2 - S2/S3 - S3/S4 and S4/S5. Having the right leader is important when using a sinking line, where the whole idea is to get down deep as quickly as possible at all times in relation to which sinking rate you use. One rule can be: faster sink rate = shorter leader. The choice of sink rate is determined by the size of the river, is the river high the challenge will be to get through the surface current quickly enough, and then it is important to have the right leader length so that it will not “hang” for too long in the surface film, the goal is to fish the fly at the same level as the fly line. The “shortest” leaders in the table are tapered using only two different diameters (including S2/S3). Again I will refer to local knowledge when it comes to create the best leader lengths at all times. I always use fluorocarbon leader for sinking line fishing.
Recommendations for "short" leaders for sinking lines.
Sink 4 - sink 5:: From 60cm – 1meter.
Sink 3 - sink 4: From 70cm – 1,1meters.
Sink 2 - sink 3: From 80cm – 1,2meters.
Sink 1 - sink 2: From 90cm – 1,5meters.
Hover - intermediate: From 1,5meters – 2,5meters.
Use the table when choosing butt section diameters in relation to line weights.
Polyleadere: These are also good leaders to use, if combined with a floating line it will create a sort of floating/sink line as well. Remember that when using shooting heads the head must be adjusted, made a bit shorter/lighter than when using ordinary leaders. This is because an 8-10 feet polyleader weighs between 5-7 grams. So the weight of the polyleader must be calculated with the shooting head so it becomes right in terms of the weight your rod can handle.
I hope this article will help you to make better leaders for your fishing. Tight lines!